consequentialist view vs deontological

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This Buzzle post explains the consequentialism vs. deontology vs. virtue ethics comparison. The term was originally coined in the essay titled “Moral Modern Philosophy”, by G.E.M. We hope you enjoy this website. In this scenario, he failed in his duty as a father, and the consequences of his act would affect his entire family. However, consequentialism focuses on judging the moral worth of the results of the actions and deontological ethics focuses on judging the actions themselves. I'm approaching anarcho-capitalism from a deontological point of view, chiefly because my prior approach to life was a consequentialist one and frankly, that stopped working for me. Subtle DistinctionAccording to American philosopher John Rawls, under deontology, an action is right if it is good and vice versa. Consequentialism and Deontological theories are two of the main theories in ethics. (Hollinger, 2002, pp. Two examples of consequentialism are utilitarianism and hedonism. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. For instance, consider an individual who is the bank manager, and his own son has been caught in the act of robbing the bank. Consequentialism is an ethical theory that judges whether or not something is right by what its consequences are. As the word suggests, it concentrates on the consequences, irrespective of the intention. Consequentialism and deontology are two such theories that are classified under ethics of conduct, i.e., our behavior and the way we conduct ourselves. Consequentialist vs. deontological: litmus test: Rex: 12/30/08 1:47 AM: What is a simple question I could ask a laypeson to determine whether he/she primarily has a consequentialist view of morality or a deontological view? In order to study the role of deontological versus consequentialist perspectives and PVs, we included a set of multiple items to assess deontological versus consequentialist orientations, and a set of items probing for PVs. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Such a theory is of the view that our morality is all about producing good results or consequences. Anscombe, the renowned British analytical philosopher. It does not consider following the set laws when performing an action, nor does it consider the action results. But if telling a lie would help save a person’s life, consequentialism says it’s the right thing to do. Copyright © Opinion Front & Buzzle.com, Inc. The central question is, ‘What kind of a person should I be?’ Thus, virtue ethics do not concentrate on the correctness of the act, but the moral conduct of the agent who is performing the act. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. While the above concepts exhibit certain criteria for morality, the truth is, moral conduct widely depends on circumstances, which is probably why the cliché ‘it was all in the moment’ is actually true. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The theory takes root from utilitarianism, and stresses on the fact that the morality of an action depends on its consequences. Virtue ethics seems to have taken root in ancient Greek philosophy as well. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Consequentialist vs Deontological Ethics. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. I would like to conduct a poll to get some of my These cookies do not store any personal information. It focuses on identifying the moral conduct through which the right actions can be carried out and happiness can be maximized. Of these, consequentialism determines the rightness … These opinions can differ from person to person. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Yet, the ones in favor of virtue ethics would state his act to be correct and honorable. It may seem that both ethical systems follow their own method to arrive at the same conclusions, and most of the time this is … We also included some items to measure general caring or personal concern about the problems described in the scenario. For instance, most people would agree that lying is wrong. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. If she tells him, he might be brave enough to face it and spend his last days with his family, which is a good consequence. Under consequentialism, however, an action is right if the consequence is completely good. Ayn Rand professed a view of rational self-interest, saying that altruism was irrational. Deontologists who are also moral absolutists believe that some actions The essence is to do the task, according to how right it is presumed to be. In such a case, the best and right action would be to save his son, for if his son is safe and sound, he will be mentally happy and relieved to earn more money and plan a better future for his family. The consequentialist philosophy might require that the interest of someone is sacrificed for something better. Consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics are moral theories that evaluate morality on the basis of different factors. From a neutral perspective, however, it would be better to tell him the truth, despite the fact that it might be considered cruel for many, because he would at least get a chance to say goodbye, to do the things he hadn’t done so far. A consequentialist will condemn the thief on the basis that his actions, the forceful removal of another’s property, have caused real harm. Consequentialists state that maximum happiness achieved is what is good; the actions that maximize this good are right. We argue that while all three forms can help mitigate risk, virtue ethics-based CSR is potentially the most useful form of CSR toward mitigating microfinance portfolio risk. It concentrates on the correctness and wrongness of actions based on how well the rules of duty and responsibility were followed. Consequentialism focuses on the consequences or results of an action. Those who revere virtue ethics state that whatever results in the betterment of humanity is good; the fact that the virtuous person followed his ideals to achieve the same is right. Virtue ethics state that the man must be ideal and righteous and moral, and have the criminal punished despite the fact that he is his son. It stresses on the fact that morality of a person or action depend on how ideal the character traits are. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. As mentioned earlier, this theory solely focuses on ideals. Deontologists state that the right action performed or the state of affairs that led to the right action are good, while the fact that the action was done in accordance with the set rules is right. Since childhood, we are conditioned to believe certain things, conditioned to judge what actions can be called right and wrong. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting, normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. The practical focus is to determine what is rational―as per the rules and as per the correct action. To follow the set rules and regulations can be one of the weaknesses and strengths of deontology. Deontology takes root from the Greek words deon (duty) and logos (study). Like its previously-mentioned counterpart, it focuses on conduct, but there is a minor difference between deontology and consequentialism in this case. Where do an-caps fall? Assume that a nurse is tending to a cancer patient, and is faced with the dilemma of whether or not to tell him the truth that he has only a few months to live. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. What should she do in this case? Deontological ethics is commonly contrasted with consequentialist or teleological ethical theories, according to which the rightness of an action is determined by its consequences.

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